PDF READ Histoire de la virilité » Alain Corbin


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  1. says: Free read Histoire de la virilité PDF READ Histoire de la virilité » Alain Corbin Alain Corbin · 2 Summary

    Free read í PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free · Alain Corbin PDF READ Histoire de la virilité » Alain Corbin Rubens Male torso study of the Farnese Hercules c 1600 1608I remember a girl I worked with at White City in my early twenties let's call her Lisa although her real name is Christine Mulholland complaining to us all that she couldn't find anyone to date And I said hmm I think I could probably set you up with someone – thinking mos

  2. says: PDF READ Histoire de la virilité » Alain Corbin Alain Corbin · 2 Summary

    PDF READ Histoire de la virilité » Alain Corbin Alain Corbin · 2 Summary I received an ARC through the courtesy of NetGalley and the publishersBefore I start my review I have a few things

  3. says: PDF READ Histoire de la virilité » Alain Corbin

    Free read Histoire de la virilité Alain Corbin · 2 Summary Free read í PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free · Alain Corbin In my studies I have focused very explicitly on gender whether it was in English literature over all or specifically in medieval English literature I find the way gender is represented advocated or repressed very interesting and part of that is

  4. says: PDF READ Histoire de la virilité » Alain Corbin

    PDF READ Histoire de la virilité » Alain Corbin This is a thoughtful collection of essays that explores the historicisation of virility from classical Greece and Rome to t

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Free read Histoire de la virilité

Read ↠ Histoire de la virilité Ì PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free In these original essays an international group of scholars including Arlette Farge Jean Paul Bertaud Christelle Taraud and Fabrice Virgili follow the socio historical evolution of virility as opposed to masculinity to unsettle popular accounts of politics and culture The book begins with ancient conceptions of the male gender which persisted with significant alterations for centuries While. Rubens Male torso study of the Farnese Hercules c 1600 1608I remember a girl I worked with at White City in my early twenties let s call her Lisa although her real name is Christine Mulholland complaining to us all that she couldn t find anyone to date And I said hmm I think I could probably set you up with someone thinking mostly like me because she was uite cute But she just snorted and looked at me and said Yeah but they d all be poetry readers Wow This casual emasculation doubtless nowadays I would be calling it a microaggression stayed with me over the years so I guess it struck a nerve Lisa s basic approach to gender relations not a complicated or an uncommon one was perhaps best summed up by the nineteen year old Amy WinehouseYou should be stronger than meBut instead you re longer than frozen turkeyWhy d you always put me in controlAll I need is for my man to live up to his roleYou always want to talk it through I m okayI always have to comfort you every dayBut that s what I need you to do Are you gay Cause I ve forgotten all of young love s joyI feel like a lady and you re my ladyboyonly perhaps without Amy s patina of irony That song came out at a time when the New Man was a very prominent thing guys who took care of their appearance talked about their feelings wept on a biweekly basis ordered uiche and treated women with ostentatious respect all in the hopes of sensitively taking one of them up the arse behind Davinci s on a Friday night All I need is for my man to live up to his role Men were not really sure what women wanted from them Were we supposed to be touchy feely and emotional now like everyone claimed in my sister s copies of 19 and Marie Claire Or were we supposed to be basically the exact opposite of that like all the men in my sister s trashy novels which invariably had two people snogging under a waterfall on the cover and a monosyllabic hero called Dirk or Rock and a heroine whose anatomy in the crucial scenes was described confusingly in terms of a throbbing centre of femininity Some women were a bit snippy about the general male confusion Newsflash all women are different they would point out reasonably It s not like you can adopt some magic persona that makes you attractive to everyone Why don t you just be who you are and stop trying to be adored Which was perhaps a little disingenuous not only because of the way it pretends not to understand a basic fact of human psychology but also because it misses the whole point about how gender roles are constructed in the first place What the opposite sex wants and expects has always in what the cool kids like to call a heteronormative society been uite crucial to these things whether you care about it yourself or notMen through history have defined themselves in opposition to three things women children and animals To be a man is fundamentally not to be a woman not to be a boy and not to be a wild beast this is how the Romans staked out virilitas and how the Greeks conceptualised They were stronger active during sex and hairier than women but not as hairy brutal or lustful as animals Even now growing up these are the three common insults that get thrown at you at school What are you a girl What are you a baby And usually by teachers or parents What are you an animal The first of these is the one most freighted with disapprobation and mockery for reasons I never understood When I was laughed at in school aged nine for having a purple pencil case the colour was thought to be too feminine I got my mum to buy me a pink one instead because fuck you That is I m afraid what I was like from a young age Bloody minded and protective of my stationery Loaded magazine May 1997In my formative teenage years the UK was overtaken by a strange reaction against sensitive moisturising masculinity Suddenly it was all Liam Gallagher lager lager lager and Loaded magazine And looking at this lad culture from a distance now it kind of looks like all the men collectively going Oh god just leave us alone would you we just want to get drunk and laugh and talk about girls There was uite a lot of criticism of it at the time but I thought it was uite freeing and I liked the honesty of it even though the general tone was not really me I have zero interest for example in football or cars which were and are de rigueur conversation openers when two men meet each other for the first timeBut in a way that disconnect was the whole fun of it the entire phenomenon was a lot ironic and self mocking than its critics ever realised I think And a lot less sexist To me at least it never felt remotely predicated on the idea that women were inferior to men only on a kind of openness about sexual attraction that seemed fresh because of the prevailing feeling then that men were supposed to appear above that sort of thing Women were never presented as alien beings on the contrary everyone assumed commonality it was assumed that since men liked drinking and telling jokes and objectifying people they were attracted to women probably felt the same way Loaded at its height was being read by women than any of the top ten women s magazines And while I don t doubt that some women would have liked to approach the whole conversation differently in my circles the general feeling was one of relief social levelling and understanding Indeed when I think of my late teens I remember wrongly no doubt a kind of perfect idyllic gender euality untouched by the internet outrages of a later generation an euality by the way which was not understood by the media who branded these incomprehensibly unfeminine women ladettes and splashed endless pictures of Zoe Ball and Sara Cox holding pint glasses over the front page of the Daily MailAnyway what is this I Love 1997 The point is that masculinity is as this book makes clear an acuired uality and I have been thinking about where I acuired mine It is over something that exists in relation to a given society rather than in a vacuum As Judith Butler would say a man is not something you just are it s something you have to continually perform in a hundred conscious and unconscious ways although obviously Judith Butler wouldn t actually say it as plainly as that without involving the phrase profound alterity One has to pick which of these performances it s fun to go along with and which it is pleasing or necessary to push back againstCodpieces subtle Il Bronzino Portrait of Guidobaldo della Rovere 1532With essays on such topics as The Great War and the History of Virility The Necessary Manifestation of Sexual Energy Working Class Virility and Virility through the Looking Glass of Women this book is a bumper resource of historical context and po mo theorising about what societies have considered that being a man should consist of and why I had never read a book of masculinity studies before and I was a little cautious about what it would involve half expecting a 700 page diatribe against the machinations of modern feminism Happily that does not feature A History of Virility takes gender disparity as its starting point and is concerned not with playing down or justifying subjects like violence or male domination but with explaining them and looking for possible ways forward It must be said that despite the title it s really only concerned with the West and within that is determinedly Francocentric This is perhaps one reason why virility is preferred to masculinity distinguishing the subject at hand from matters of pure biology or grammatical genderAnd the separation of virile men from women children and animals has been called on time and again to justify abuses of all kinds When the New World was first colonised for instance American Indians were always compared to beasts their strength was dismissed as mere brutality and when they were friendly it was read as possible submission if you re not considered a real man it seems then you can only be fierce or submissive When Europe colonised Africa the same language was seen and the interaction of gender roles and race filtered down into wider society In postcolonial France male prostitutes who catered to Arab tops along the Boulevard Magenta were viciously suppressed while female prostitutes from France s former colonies were broadly encouraged For the Nazis to take another example the correspondence of sex to gender is seen as the privilege of the superior race So the persecuted races are always seen in terms of gender disparity unfettered masculinized Jewish women effeminate Jewish men and of course homosexuals of both sexes Homosexuality has in fact offered surprisingly few challenges to idea of what virility means Gay culture until very recently has generally been torn on whether to challenge gender roles on the grounds that they generate systemic homophobia or alternatively whether to go along with them wholeheartedly Proust for instance put forward the idea that gay men were really female souls in male bodies searching for their traditional counterparts Among lesbians Radclyffe Hall is comparable she was deeply conservative called herself John was not a feminist adored Mussolini According to this view true homosexuality barely exists the underlying men and women are seeking each other out according to heteronormative tradition The alternative idea was that you could hardly be manly than a man who fucks men gay men were the bermen as Andr Raffalovich put it pure brutes like Hercules who hate women the most and who also seek out strong men It s not hard to see that this position also has its problemsWynn Chamberlain Poets Clothed and Poets Naked 1964Sexuality has always been important to virility masculinity like femininity is a function of the sexual being It has been a commonplace of male thought forever that women do not understand the strength or the demands of the male libido whether or not this is actually true is still angrily debated but many women have been moved or pressured to accept the notion that men have some uasi pathological obsessive need for sex and have made allowances accordingly Men themselves meanwhile have felt under pressure from their wives and female acuaintances to conceal this perma horn and under pressure from their peers to demonstrate it a pressure that manifests itself in colleges clubs barracks and smoking rooms throughout history The first trip to the brothel is a rite of passage for apprentices in many industries as well as for army recruits this kind of virility is importantly always extraconjugalFrench writers of the nineteenth century would send each other long detailed reports on the best prostitutes to visit in a given country or district building up a kind of composite global Rough Guide to rough trade I spent twenty one days in Valencia without getting bored but I got some thirty fucks I had four girls in active service all of them called Vicenta St Vincent is the patron saint of the town reported Prosper M rim e to his friends I ve tried the women of Hesse of Nassau and of Prussia Those of Hesse get the laurels Women of London have no ass but fifty pounds of tits that slip through your fingers they re as hard to hold on to as pancake butter Many of them compelled both to record and tally their sexual activities as well as to conceal them kept extensive coded sex diaries Alfred de Vigny noted on Tuesday 14 August 1838 Maria At the gymnasium fucked in front of the statuettes Wednesday 15th evening at the gymnasium Thursday 16th Fucked Lydia his wife Morning Julia in the Batignolles Saturday 18th Morning in the Batignolles at Julia s and so on in great detail specifying positions orgasms and so onIn general this kind of virile sexuality was considered utterly separate from the relationship one had with a spouse it was divorced from all emotional attachments I despise gallantry wrote Flaubert to his mistress that perpetual confusion between panties and heart makes me vomit All I want from you as a woman is your body leave the sentimentality to the old folks Often this was felt to be an entirely male province though when men believed that they had met a woman who understood and reciprocated this kind of desire the heady mixture of acceptance relief and excitement could be overwhelming Vigny again got so excited writing to an encouraging mistress that he was moved to ejaculate all over his letter and then describe in shaky handwriting the details of the postorgasmic spasms and loss of eyesight he was experiencing One thinks also of Joyce s terrifying letters to NoraGeorge Scott A Duel with Pistols 1815Central to virility always is the use of violence for which men are raised from a young age and which is often lauded and encouraged by society as a whole Inter state violence is of course a strongly gendered activity though strangely this is rarely noted When you read that 900000 people were killed at Verdun it has to be remembered that this means a holocaust of 900000 boys a fact so obvious that it is almost invisible It is large matters such as this as well as smaller issues of social interaction that Pierre Bourdieu had in mind when he wrote that male privilege is also a trap that obliges every man to affirm his virility in every circumstance Everything works together to make of the ideal of impossible virility the principle of an immense vulnerability However Although it s important to note that men as well as women suffer from gender ineualities and that women as well as men enforce them it also must be recognised that men have been given much power socially and politically than women and women have suffered disproportionately at the hands of men Some think that this is a natural conseuence of the imbalance in power relations and that when women are given power they act in the same way this is one response to Christine Bard s conundrumHow do we reconcile on the one hand the existence of Reichf hrerinen or female American soldiers torturing prisoners at Abu Ghraib with on the other hand the no less debatable reality of a historical experience of women that places them instead on the side of nonviolenceBut others pessimistic believe that male violence is fundamental and biological Modern feminist artists and activists have investigated this idea in various ways Odette Thibault suggested men should take cyproterone an antidote to testosterone to diminish aggressiveness while other women have dosed themselves with testosterone in order to inhabit maleness reporting huge libido increases and an impression of strength This has interesting implications concerning the role of drugs and prosthetics in the modern construction of gender Beatriz Preciado You think you re bio women but you take the pill you think you re bio men but you take Viagra you are normal and take Prozac It is possible that in earlier times when bears were numerous virility may have played a specific and irreplaceable role but for several centuries men have no longer been visibly good for anything Philip RothI think it s important that this book shows how virility is constructed and enforced by the whole of society it is not just something with which men endow themselves for their own benefit Many women of course la Winehouse view traditional virility very positively even when they re uneasy about its implications and a playful contextual exaggeration of gender differences is not necessarily a bad thing It can be fun it can be reassuring it can be sexy But there are bad things that can tag along with these ideas and they need to be thought about This book reiterates the dangers inherent in gender imbalances that feminist writers have been talking about for some time and in that sense it s a welcome broadening out of those theories which may perhaps make them feel inclusive Many feminist writers have said that the lack of a history of male gender roles is at the very core of the conditions for reproducing male domination well this book is a start and a very thoughtful and enjoyable oneMost of all by linking social concepts of virility with historical examples of where we have inherited these expectations from it somehow makes it easier to look the problems of masculinity full in the face This leaves you with a lot of provocative uestions to ponder As Jean Jacues Courtine asks Do today s men intend to bear much longer this millenary burden or do they wish to lighten their load even if it means giving up its advantages

Free read í PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free · Alain CorbinHistoire de la virilité

Read ↠ Histoire de la virilité Ì PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Virility was challenged during the Enlightenment its preeminence was restored by social forms of male bonding in the nineteenth century Models and codes of virility are chipped away by pacifist feminist and gay rights movements during the next hundred years; twentieth century conceptions of maleness embody a virility on edge which adds a fascinating new dimension to our understanding of hi. I received an ARC through the courtesy of NetGalley and the publishersBefore I start my review I have a few things to sayFirst a big thanks to Warwick He started reading this first and it was thanks to his comments I knew this book existed Second I wasn t able to finish this mammoth of a book before the publication date which was the 16th of February 2016 So I already passed the publication date Not only does this book consist of 752 pages I m in the midst of writing my Master s thesis so I have very little time Nonetheless I wanted to give a feedback and encourage you to read this book because I think it deserves a lot of attentionThird I try to talk about the book and mix it with my own thoughts on the topic For now I concentrate on Chapter 20 Homosexual TransformationsI intend to add material to this review the further I read It will take a little time that s allA History of Virility is thankfully a well researched cultural anthropological philosophical artistic social and political analysis of the image of men maleness masculinity virility and all the topics surrounding it NOT some sort of glorification of masculinitymen The articles cover different topics and times beginning with Ancient Greece and ending in modern times There s even a chapter on the female viewgaze on virility So with over 700 pages of science you have a lot to cover and discoverI chose for this glimpse review the chapter Homosexual Transformation because right now the Swiss are about to vote on an initiative about changes on tax rights for married couples The thing is the initiative might have some good points but it s championed by the CVP a conservative right winged Christian party so the initiative is not only crude extremely one sided and uestionable it openly discriminates against non heterosexual couples Don t get me started on the other initiative which is a nightmareopenly calling to legally treat foreigners as as second class citizens and shitting on human rights I better not go there or I won t stop rantingThe chapter begins with a few simple explanation on terminologies gay homosexual ueer etc and the inner and outer struggle of non heterosexual identity By inner and outer struggle I mean inside the community how LGBT define themselves and how they treat their own members and outside of the communityVirility plays an important role in the definition of gayness Gays were typically thought of as effeminate and flamboyant an ideal stamped by others on how gays are For me there is a strong connection between virility and not being male but feminine femininity being weakness softness and emotionalnot logical It s interesting because when certain people want to belittle gays they compare them to women No they put them down by lowering their social status to that of a womanOn the other hand lesbians are put down by comparing them to men For them lesbians want to be men but they can t because the lack natural virility a virility which is usually connected to genitalia and societal power Lesbians are basically seen as bad impersonators of men lacking true masculinity while gays seem to offend virility by rejecting the default sexual orientation and liking what women like also making them bad impersonators of womenIt boils down to the misconception of They just want to be a manwoman Florence Tamagne mentions in her article the gay clubs during different times in history I remember watching a documentary on these secret underground clubs in London usually owned by a woman who takes on the role of Mother In that documentary they explained how men met not only for sex but also to perform a carnevalesue roleplay They dressed up often as women re enacted births with puppets or household utensils and did a bunch of other crazy stuff They shed all form of social and gender norms Probably most of them weren t transgender although I m sure some must have been Putting on a dress and pretending to be a woman was less about wanting to be a woman but about contrasting the harsh norms of Victorian England and the strict image of a true and proper English man It was as much play as it was showing society the middle fingerThe uestion whether some of them thought that their homosexual desire meant they had to be women in other words you can have sex with men without wanting to be a woman is something we can t answer without personal accounts of that time In the end each individual must have perceived the scene and their sexuality differentlyAn interesting point is brought up by the author one I also thought about MtF transgender are talked about than FtM The short answer Tamagne gives is sexualization of women in media and societyI think I have to agree with this Becoming a woman seems to be way scandalous and I think a big part is even though many probably don t consciously get it being a woman puts you in a huge disadvantage It s probably seen as men choosing to be the weaker sex the sex that is inferior because we have less power authority etc Becoming a woman makes you weak although I have to point out transwomen don t become women they are women the body they were born with is just not the one fitting their gender I m talking from the POV of society here and vulnerable In fact all eyes are on the transwoman does she look feminine enough Is she convincingly female How pretty is sheI fear transmen especially those who don t fully transition or are about to are still perceived as women hence the disinterest in them And probably it s also not so interesting because they become the powerful sexI just thought how interesting it was when Caitlyn Jenner transitioned The moment she presented herself on the cover of a magazine dressed in a bodice the world instantly talked about her in terms of beauty and her sexiness It was about what a convincing SEXY woman she was And convincing means to look and present oneself in a certain fashionOn to another topic How gay culture re appropriated the image of hypermasculinity It s really interesting how gays took that image and still showcased their sexuality It was provocative and challenging I m really interested in this subculture because it has created some very interesting art Think of Tom of Finland I encourage you to read into this subculture of the gay community it s fascinating But be warned some artists are very graphic There is also a Japanese manga genre with this kind of style called bara which literally means rose Funny how such a hypermasculine style carries such a delicate name isn t itAlso if you like yaoibara or are open to gay erotica not much going on anyway and enjoy a bit of satire I recommend Muscular Sailor Sexy Moon by Nobita It s gloriousview spoiler hide spoiler

Alain Corbin · 2 Summary

Read ↠ Histoire de la virilité Ì PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free StoryA major contribution to the nascent field of masculinity studies this history consults painting sculpture literature philosophy film and cultural and sociological critiue It involves fascism nationalism liberalism classicism colonialism and war With the twentieth century delivering one blow after another to hegemonic virility this book also explores where manliness might be headed next. In my studies I have focused very explicitly on gender whether it was in English literature over all or specifically in medieval English literature I find the way gender is represented advocated or repressed very interesting and part of that is the way in which we have translated gender patterns from previous centuries to our own Part of the fact I could follow my interest is because of the path early feminist scholars have built for me Their early forays into what feminity means were incredibly important and have established Gender Studies as its own independent field However a similar focus on masculinity has only slowly developed so when I saw A History of Virility on Netgalley I knew I wanted and had to read it Thanks to Columbia University Press and Netgalley for providing me with a copy of this book in exchange for an honest reviewTo start with it has to be acknowledged that the contributors to this academic collection are absolutely stellar Not only do they stretch across different disciplines together they also manage to interrogate every moment of relevant human history As such the book does exactly what its title promises which is uite a feat for an academic book A History of Virility actually does cover the history of the concepts of virility and masculinity the way in which these ideas and concepts were represented in the arts and how they developed over time What is also interesting is how this collection of chapters interacts with some of the academic theories who are dominant in the field of Gender Studies at the moment One of the crucial ones a theory taught to every English lit undergraduate is Judith Butler s ideas about gender performativity Basically this theory means that gender isn t something set and intrinsic but rather that what we consider masculine and feminine are a set of behaviours which we perform And this covers everything from clothes to ways of walking and talking etc Until now I ve only really seen this theory applied to femininity so it was interesting to see it applied to masculinity and virility for oncePerhaps most interesting to readers who are not as interested in the Classical periods are the chapters on recent history such as Fascist Virility by Johann Chapoutot Masculinity and virility have been used especially in Nazi Germany as a way of incite a population During the Second World War Italian and German fascism were built upon the concept of virility which went hand in hand with a complete devaluation of women apart from being mothers and wives Virility then became everything femininity was not To see recent history in such a different way is interesting especially if you then look at the way in which we currently seems to be returning to some of the thought patterns from before It is important to be aware not only of how gender plays a role in societal developments but also how gender is only one of the many things playing in such major upheavalsReading A History of Virility was absolutely fascinating Not only is it a great addition to the field of Gender Studies in general but when it comes to Masculinity Studies it is also a fundamental contribution Moving through the key phases of human life A History of Virility does exactly what its title promises I d recommend this to fans of non fiction and historyFor full review

  • Hardcover
  • 768
  • Histoire de la virilité
  • Alain Corbin
  • English
  • 10 July 2019
  • 9780231168786